Rock Garden

By Liliana Usvat

100_3083        100_3091

Rock gardens and other public gardens are public spaces that offer inspiration for us all to plant on spaces that are more difficult to plant such as deep slopes.

100_3115   100_3040

Royal Botanical Garden in Burlignton Ontario offer such inspiration that is a pleasure for spirit and eye and is good for the soul. It is also like a school for those that need ideas to plant.

100_3111  100_3031

A beautiful place can be a better choice for the owners of the land as touristic attraction instead of using the trees for wood and logging. The land that is stripped of trees is difficult to be of good use in the future if it looses the soil that sustain life.

100_3075   100_3112

Also the land needs constant care to maintain its beauty. So logging and planting one type of trees with temporary underpaid  workers that take the money and leave is not a sustainable solution in long run in my opinion.

100_3117    100_3119

Royal Botanical Gardens (RBG) is headquartered in Burlington and also include lands in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

100_3125  100_3120

It is one of the major tourist attractions between Niagara Falls and Toronto, as well as a significant local and regional horticultural, education, conservation, and scientific resource.

100_3094  100_3095

On 31 July 2006, Royal Botanical Gardens was selected as the National Focal Point for the Global strategy for plant conservation (GSPC) by Environment Canada

100_3098   100_3093

The 980 hectares (2,422 acres) of nature sanctuary owned by Royal Botanical Gardens is considered the plant biodiversity hotspot for Canada, with a very high proportion of the wild plants of Canada in one area; is an Important Bird Area according to Bird Studies Canada

100_2979   100_2982

More than 1,100 species of plants grow within its boundaries including the Bashful Bulrush (Trichophorum planifolium) which is found nowhere else in Canada, and the largest remaining population of Canada’s most endangered tree, the Red Mulberry (Morus rubra). Both of these plants are listed as Endangered in Canada under the Species at Risk Act.

100_2981   100_2980

History

Initial sections of the RBG were built during the Great Depression in the 1930s as a make work project, under the impetus of Thomas McQuesten. It beautified derelict or undeveloped land in north Hamilton and west Burlington.

100_3004  100_3006

For instance, a disused gravel pit was turned into the Rock Gardens, by using stone relocated from the Niagara Escarpment. The original vision of the RBG was a mixture of horticultural displays and protected natural forests and wetlands. Formal permission was obtained in 1930 from King George V to call the gardens “Royal Botanical Gardens”.

100_2992  100_2995

The first Director of RBG, Dr. Norman Radforth, was appointed in 1947 and was a Professor of Botany at nearby McMaster University. In the early 1950s, Dr. Leslie Laking was appointed as Director and served until the early 1980s.

100_3007  100_3107

Under his guidance, the institution developed into the major entity it is today. With approximately 1,100 ha (2,700 acres) of property, Royal Botanical Gardens is one of the largest such institutions in North America. In 2006, the Auxiliary of RBG published Love, sweat and soil: a history of Royal Botanical Gardens from 1930 to 1981 authored by Dr. Laking.

100_3132      100_3135

Funding for the institution was initially provided largely by the City of Hamilton and then in the 1940s by the Province of Ontario.

100_3128           100_2984

By the early 1980s, funding restrictions and the desire to become increasingly self-supported led to charging of an admission fee for the cultivated garden areas.

100_2985              100_2986

The extensive system of nature trails, more than 20 kilometres (12 mi) in length, has remained accessible free of charge. As of 2006, approximately 40% of RBG’s annual budget comes from support from the Province of Ontario, the City of Hamilton and the Region of Halton.

100_2999                 100_3000

The remainder, 60%, is classed as ‘self-generated revenue’ and is raised annually from admissions, memberships, donations, summer camps, and fees-for-service.

100_3005            100_3030

Innovative educational programs are operated from both RBG’s main building in Burlington and the Nature Interpretive Centre, located in the Arboretum to the north of Cootes Paradise.

100_3084          100_3103

Over 18,000 school children per year visit the organized school programs, and over 200 public education offerings include such diverse topics as botanical illustration, organic cooking and basic botany.

Blog 82- 365

Advertisements

About lilianausvat

My Websites: Books: http://www.ucbooksale.com/ Math Website: http://www.mathematicsmagazine.com Reforestation: http://lilianausvat.blogspot.ca/ Real Estate: http://www.lilianausvat.com/
This entry was posted in Botanical Garden, Environment, Liliana Usvat Blog and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s