Forests and Castles

By Liliana Usvat

Let-s assume you plan to have a trip and choose to see beautiful castles in this trip.

Which places would you choose for your trip? Castles in the forest or castles in the desert?

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

Here are few trip destinations with Castes in the forest that I visited

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat      Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

 

The Peleş Castle was built at the initiative of King Charles I of Romania, outside the commune Podul Neagului that covered an area of 24 km in 1874, which received the name of Sinaia at the initiative of the sovereign. A year later, the first houses were built in the city centre. In 1876, it the construction of the railway from Ploieşti to Predeal began, which passed through Sinaia. Simultaneously, between 1873 and 1875, the foundation of the Peleş Castle was built. This led to a ceremony that took place on 10/22 August 1875.

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat   Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

Age: 1873-1914, on a 1,000-hectare estate called Piatra Arsă or Sinaia, purchased by King Carol I from Eforia Spitalelor in 1871.

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat   Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

Authors: Architects Wilhelm von Doderer (1872–1876), professor at Technische Hochschule in Vienna, Johannes Schultz (1873, project supervisor, Doderer’s assistant, and from 1876 to 1883, chief-architect), Émile André Lecomte du Noüy (1890 – 1892), Karel Liman (1896 – 1924); Jean Ernest, contractors, builders and owners of storehouses of building materials.

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat   Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

Legal situation: former royal residence (1883-1947), nationalized in 1948, museum from 1953 to 1975 and from 1990 until today, owned since 2007 by former King Michael I of Romania and a state-run public institution, under the aegis of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat   Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

From 1990, respectively 1993 until today, the Peleş and Pelişor castles have been reopened to visit.

Peles Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

Hunedoara Castle or Hunyad Castle – Romania

Hunedoara Castle Photo By Liliana Usvat   Hunedoara Castle Photo By Liliana Usvat

This Gothic castle was build in 1307 by Charles I of Hungary. Hunedoara Castle was intended to defend increasingly violent and dangerous region from invading Turkish forces that started to conqueror Byzantium Empire in the south

 

Hunedoara Castle Photo By Liliana Usvat     Hunedoara Castle Photo By Liliana Usvat
Hunedoara Castle Photo By Liliana Usvat

This citadel was owned once by the Corvin’s family thus giving the castle a second name of Corvin Castle. Hunedoara Castle was used by János Hunyadi as a prison for or Vlad III of Walachia better known as Vlad the Impaler (Dracula) for 7 years.

Forests around Hunedoara Castle Photo By Liliana Usvat    Hunedoara Castle Photo By Liliana Usvat

Obviously this fact gave the castle its mystiques and numerous legends that surround it. Today castle is turned into a museum with several wax figures depicting life in the medieval times. Tourists usually spend night at city of Hunedoara, few miles from a citadel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hunedoara Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat   Hunedoara Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat
The view from Hunedoara Castle Romania Photo By Liliana Usvat

 

 

 

Another is Bran Castle or Dracula Castle still in Romania.

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Built from 1377- 1388  The Castle was built on a steep cliff between Măgura and Dealul Cetăţii (“fortified town’s hill”), with an exceptional view of the nearby hills, Moeciu Valley and Valea Bârsei.

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It served the role of customs – holding 3% of goods transferring in and out of Transylvania – and the role of a fortress – the castle stood at the Eastern border of Transylvania and was used in an attempt to stop the Ottoman Empire’s expansion.

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The castle was inhabited by professional soldiers, mercenaries, and the storyteller Ioan de Târnava, wrote about “the English brigands and ballista soldiers” of the fifteenth century. The lord of the castle was elected by the King, usually from among the Saxons, and whose role was increasingly important in the history of Transylvania. By the end of the fifteenth century, the castle’s commander also held the title of Vice-Voivode of Transylvania.

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Vlad the Impaler (Vlad Tepes) was allied with Bran and Brasov during his first reign (1436 – 1442) and through the start of his next reign, after the Princes of Transylvania requested that he handle the anti-Ottoman resistance at the border.

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During his second reign (1456 – 1462), however, his army passed through Bran in early 1459 to attack Brasov, in order to settle a conflict between the Wallachia Voivode and the Saxons, who requested higher customs taxes and supported his opponent for the throne.

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On January 01, the Saxons of Brasov purchased the right to use the castle for 10 years, for 1000 florins, from King Vladislav II Jagello. The King’s treasury was previously emptied from war expenses. The Brasovs also took on the castle’s money-making customs role as part of the lease

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1956 Bran Castle was transformed into a museum. 1993 The castle’s restoration works, which had started in 1987, were finished. 1993 The Castle was reopened as a museum and was reintroduced into the tourist circuit.

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About lilianausvat

My Websites: Books: http://www.ucbooksale.com/ Math Website: http://www.mathematicsmagazine.com Reforestation: http://lilianausvat.blogspot.ca/ Real Estate: http://www.lilianausvat.com/
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